1. The referee determines a fight has occurred and initiates a video review. Which of the following is NOT permissible:
a. After video review, the referee determines in incident is not a fight, but only warrants a caution
b. The referee identifies additional participants in the fight and ejects them for fighting
c. The referee determines other action directly involved in the incident requires a caution
d. The referee determines that the incident is not a fight, however additional cautions should be issued that were not issued initially
Rule 5.7 - Video Review is a tool available to the referee to confirm the correct call was made on the field in three (3) limited situations:
1. Determine whether a goal has been scored
2. Identify players for disciplinary matters
3. Determine whether a fight has occurred and ID all participants
a) If a fight occurred - additional misconduct ID during the incident may be sanctioned
b) If no fight – no additional cards, although the original “fighting red” may be reclassified
In this situation the referee correctly initiates a video review to confirm his ruling that a fight has occurred. The referee has a number of options once the review is initiated.
She may determine that the incident was a fight and other misconduct occurred. In that case other misconduct (associated with the fighting incident) may be punished based on conclusive video evidence.
If she determines the actions did not constitute a fight, the referee may reclassify the incident based on the video review – the originally issued fighting red card may be reclassified a “serious foul play” red card, a yellow card, or no card required at all. In this case, NO other misconduct may be punished, if it wasn’t originally recognized.
2. It is required that any visible garment worn under the jersey or shorts be a solid color. The same color must be worn by all team members wearing undergarments.
Rule 4.2.4 (2016 / 2017 Rules change); It is required that any visible garment worn under the jersey or shorts be a solid color. The same color must be worn by all team members wearing undergarments. It is recommended the undergarment match the dominant color of the respective garment.
There are a number of questions regarding the tiebreaking procedure which are in the top ten missed questions. These are critical for post season play as all games must have a winner and the tiebreaking procedure will determine which team advances. An administrative error in the tiebreaking procedure would be grounds for a protest and might lead to significant expense to the NCAA to ensure the proper team advances. Please review the tiebreaking procedure prior to any post season assignment and as part of the pre-game discussion among the referee crew. The alternate official should have the NCAA Rules book available at the field and ensure the procedure is being followed precisely. This must be done correctly!
3. A match that requires a winner goes to a tiebreaker. During the match Team A had one player ejected and Team B had two players ejected. The correct number of kickers to start the tiebreaker are:
a. Both teams should use 8 kickers
b. Both teams should use 9 kickers
c. Both teams should use 10 kickers
d. Team B should use 8 kickers and Team A should use 9 kickers with the option to reduce to equate
e. Team B should use 9 kickers and Team A should 10 kickers with the option to reduce to equate
f. The coaches may agree on 8, 9 or 10 kickers
Rule 220.127.116.11: Only players who are listed on the official NCAA game roster form shall be eligible to participate in the tiebreaker. Each team shall designate either: (a) 10 different kickers, one of whom may be the goalkeeper; or (b) 10 different kickers and a goalkeeper who will not participate as a designated kicker in the tiebreaker procedure.
The tie breaking procedure starts with 10 kickers per 18.104.22.168 regardless of the number of players on the field when the 2nd overtime ends. The “reduce to equate” provision does not apply unless a kicker is ejected during the tiebreaking procedure. 22.214.171.124 continues … If any of the designated players, except for the goalkeeper, are ejected during the tiebreaker, the game will continue with the remaining designated players; and the opposing team, if desired, shall have the option to reduce or adjust its kicking order to avoid being penalized or placed at a disadvantage
4. After the goalkeeper has been designated for the kicks from the mark tie breaking procedure, a team may change their goalkeeper with one of the eligible kickers participating in the procedure for tactical reasons.
Rule 126.96.36.199: Once the goalkeeper is designated, he or she shall not be replaced unless injured or ejected; and his or her replacement may be from any of the eligible players listed on the official NCAA game roster for that game. Injuries leading to replacement of the designated goalkeeper shall be determined by the attending physician and/or an athletic trainer in concert with the governing sports authority. (See Page 7.) However, the injured goalkeeper is eligible to return if physically able.
5. A team’s goalkeeper is ejected during the kicks from the mark tie breaking procedure. A team may only replace the goalkeeper with one of their designated kickers participating in the procedure.
Rule 188.8.131.52… if the designated player ejected is the goalkeeper, his or her replacement may be from any of the eligible players listed on the official NCAA game roster for that game.
6. The last ten seconds of the first half have been counted down and the game clock indicates the end of the half, however, the signaling device has failed and prior to the referee blowing his whistle to indicate the end of the half, a goal is scored. The referee shall
a. Allow the goal
b. Disallow the goal
Rule 6.3.9: The timekeeper shall signal for the termination of the period and signal with a horn (not whistle) when time has expired. The expiration of time is the moment the timekeeper’s signal begins, regardless of the position of the ball. If no horn sounds, the period will end when the clock reaches zero (and/ or 45:00/90:00/10:00/10:00).
7. In the NCAA soccer rules and interpretations references to the governing sports authority or game authority refer to the:
a. NCAA Soccer Rules Committee
b. The game assignor
c. Athletic Directors of the participating institutions or conference commissioners
d. The coaches of the teams involved in the match
Page 7 in the 2016 / 2017 Rules book: Governing Sports Authority: References to game authority or governing sports authority throughout the book generally refer to athletics directors of the participating institutions, conference commissioners or any other office that has jurisdiction over the game in question.
8. It is legal for a coach, listed on the roster, in the press box to be communicating with the coaching staff on the sideline.
Rule 1.12.3: Coaches, players and bench personnel shall remain inside their respective coaching and team areas. Exceptions: … (3) A member of the coaching staff who is listed on the game roster is permitted to view the game from the press box or other suitable areas. Rule 1.12.4 Members of the coaching staff who are listed on the game roster and are on site are permitted to communicate with each other via electronic devices.
9. The referee calls a penalty kick. A player is injured and substituted for before the penalty kick restart. The entering player is allowed to take the penalty kick
Rule 14.2: … Only those players on the field at the time the penalty kick is awarded may take the penalty kick. A.R. 14.2.a. May a substitute be allowed to take a penalty kick in a game in which play has been extended? RULING: No, only a player who was on the field when time expired shall take the kick.
10. During the final 5 minutes of the second half both teams substitute when the losing team has a throw in. The clock shall be:
b. Continue to run
Rule 3.7.2 During the final five minutes of the second period only, anytime the leading team makes a substitution, the referee shall signal the clock to be stopped and beckon the substitute onto the field.
Rule 6.3.5: The timekeeper shall stop the clock when the referee signals for any of the following reasons:
Rule 184.108.40.206: When a substitute(s) is beckoned onto the field in the final five minutes of the second period only …
As the regular season begins to wind down, officials need to review Rule 220.127.116.11 in order to administer kicks from the penalty spot correctly. Let’s start with the basics. Any player listed on the game roster who has not been ejected is eligible to participate. There is no requirement that the players on the field at the end of overtime be the ones to participate. Each team must designate 10 kickers. The goalkeeper may be one of the ten to take a kick, or a team may designate ten kickers and a goalkeeper who will not take a kick to defend against the kicks. Please note that teams are not required to specify which orders the players will kick in; the officials should record each player’s number and the result of the kick as the tie-breaker proceeds. If the tie-breaker goes beyond ten kicks, teams are free to change the order.
The visiting team calls the coin toss, and the winner of the toss has the option to kick first or second. Rule 18.104.22.168 states that the referee shall determine which goal will be used. There is no official guidance on what factors to use, but here are a few to consider. First, what are the field conditions like? If the area around one penalty spot or goal line is significantly better than the other, use that end. Second, what about time of day? Do not make the goalkeepers squint into the setting sun when facing a penalty kick. Third, which end of the field is better from an administrative purpose? Are there fans legally seated behind one goal but not the other? If so, go to the end with no fans. Try for as equitable a situation as possible. Prior to beginning the kicks, make sure that the designated players from each team are in the center circle along with one of the Assistant Referees, who will record the kicking order and the results. All coaches and bench personnel should be in the designated coaching and team areas. The other Assistant Referee should serve as a goal judge, and the non-participating goal-keeper shall be at the intersection of the penalty area and goal lines behind the Assistant Referee.
Once the kicks have begun, there are only two situations in which the goalkeeper can be changed. First, if the goalkeeper is ejected during the kicks, he or she may be replaced by any other eligible player on the roster. Note that if the goalkeeper was not designated as a kick prior to the ejection, the replacement goalkeeper may not participate as a kicker. The second situation in which the goalkeeper can be changed is if there is an injury, which must be certified by the attending physician or athletic trainer in conjunction with the NCAA representative (if an NCAA tournament game) or with the governing sports authority (if a conference tournament game). If one of the designated kickers is ejected during the tie-breaker, the opposing team has the option to reduce the number of kickers in its order to avoid having their 10th player kick against the 1st player from the opposing team.
The kicks themselves are taken in accord with Rule 14.2. Of particular note to officials is that run ups that include a stutter-step or hesitation are legal as long as there is no stopping and there is a continuous movement toward the ball. The punishment of violations during kicks from the spot is straightforward. If the goalkeeper comes off the line too early, the kick is retaken if a goal is not scored. If the kicker commits a violation prior to the ball being in play, he or she can be cautioned or ejected as appropriate and the kick retaken as the ball was not properly put into play.
Finally, officials need to keep in mind A.R. 14.4.a, which defines when the kick is considered over. The kick is completed when the ball completely crosses the goal line, the goalkeeper clearly saves the ball, or the movement of the ball has ceased. If the ball keeps moving without leaving the field of play and strikes any combination of the goalkeeper, crossbar, goalposts, or the field and then enters the goal, it is a valid goal.
Officials need to keep in mind that the rules for conducting the tie-breaker are quite specific and can easily lead to a protest if misapplied. Each official is responsible for knowing the rules and administering them properly. Best of luck with the post season!
Click here to view the Offside ~ No Offside video clip.
A player is penalized for offside infraction if she clearly attempts to play a ball which is close to her when this action impacts on an opponent.
Does player white #25 in an offside position clearly attempt to play the ball?
Is the ball close to her?
Does her action impact, in this case, the opposing goalkeeper?
The answer to all three questions is "yes". Therefore, this is an offside offense.
Referee & Assistant Referee show good teamwork by using recommended communication technique to discuss player position & involvement from each of their viewing positions to piece together individual information for complete picture of possible offside situation.
Please click here to read Social Media Awareness, by Rich Grady, NCAA Assignor / Former FIFA Referee.
Chris Penso – NCAA Championship & MLS Referee
Prior to the match
- Wear in a position on your belt which allows you to remain comfortable running and in all other duties. This could be the front, back, or side. If using for the first time and unsure, wear the spray during warm ups.
- Ensure the canister works properly by testing a small amount outside of the locker room.
- Ensure a backup canister is available at the 4th Officials table if the canister feels to be less than half full.
During the match
- Utilize the spray within 30 yards of goal when teams have asked for distance or opponents have hindered the restart of play and a ceremonial restart is necessary. This is merely a general rule of thumb, but the spray can be utilized on free kicks in the midfield when necessary.
- After indicating to all players that the restart is ceremonial and on the whistle, spray a small half circle around the ball to indicate the location of the free kick.
- Walk off 10 yards. As a general rule of thumb, walk in line with the goal post nearest the free kick. This way upon reaching 10 yards, you can spray from outside-in. This will prevent you from having to walk "through" the retreating players who are being lined up on the post by the GK. Additionally, you will be closer to your optimum position for the restart of play.
- Do your best to avoid spraying a line that requires you to bend down directly in front of the players. Best practice is to walk past the retreating wall, put down the line, and have the players back up to it.
- Spray a line that is appropriate for the number of players setting up in the wall.
- If the wall has been set inside the penalty area, take a moment to publicly remind the players on the use of theirs hands/arms.
- Return the canister and holster to school personnel. This is not yours to keep. Schools and conferences are taking an additional and unnecessary cost to aid in your efficiency and effectiveness as a referee.
Please view Offside Clip 1 and Clip 2, along with the comments for each.
The Nebraska attacker is correctly ruled Offside as she clearly attempts to play the ball.
IFAB Guidance on Offside:
· The offside player clearly attempts to play a ball which is close to her and this action impacts an opponent.
· The offside player makes an obvious action which clearly impacts on the ability of an opponent to play the ball.
OFFSIDE CLIP 2
Correct decision for No Offside. Even though it seems obvious that the attacker in an offside position was going to play the ball, an attacker from an on-side position makes an attacking run through the mid-field to play the ball.
This is an example of how important it is for ARs to always “wait and see”, and to not anticipate no matter how obvious an outcome seems at the time.
By: Todd Abraham
The IFAB has issued a series of documents outlining changes to the Laws of the Game effective June 1, 2016. The significant changes listed below do not currently apply to the NCAA rules:
• Change: The ball can be kicked in any direction, including backward, at kick-off (previously, the ball had to go forward first);
NCAA Rule: The NCAA rules still require that the ball be played forward at the kick-off. An incorrect kick-off (if the player kicks the ball into his / her own half of the field) requires a re-kick by the same team. Repeat violations may be cautioned. An illegal kick-off (touching the ball a second time before another player touches it) results in an indirect kick for the opponent.
Preventive officiating tip: If you see only one player standing over the ball at the kick-off remind the player the ball must go forward.
• Change: Players who are injured as a result of a red card/yellow card foul, now may be treated on the field by medical personnel and stay on the field (previously, any treatment by medical personnel required the player to leave the field and referee had to signal the player back on);
NCAA Rule: NCAA rules require that a player treated on the field must leave the field and may be substituted. There is a substitution exception for this situation, however, the player must leave the field.
• Change: Not all fouls that deny an obvious goal scoring opportunity will result in a red card (send-off offense), but rather, depending on the circumstances, the player may be shown a yellow card if the offense is within an opponent’s penalty area.
NCAA Rule: NCAA rules have no such exception. Denying an obvious goal scoring opportunity is an offense that requires an ejection whether it occurs in the penalty area or outside the penalty area.
NCAA Rule 11 - Offside
Q: Can a player on the halfway line be offside?
A: NO – the halfway line is ‘neutral’ for offside – a player has to be in the opponents’ half to be in an offside position.
Q: Are a player’s arms/hands considered as part of the player’s body when judging offside?
A: The hands or arms are not included when judging offside position; this is true for all players, including the goalkeepers. This view is supported by and helps assistant referees as it is often difficult to identify the exact position of the hands and arms.
Q: The rule now interprets that the IDFK for offside can be taken in the player’s own half but how can this be correct?
A: It is correct because: a) a player CAN NOT be in an offside POSITION in their own half b) a player CAN commit an offside OFFENCE in their own half if they go back into their own half from an offside position. (With the exception of offences in the goal area, throughout the Rules every free kick is awarded from the place where the offence occurs, so it is logical that this should also apply to offside)
Q: Can a player who interferes with play after a rebound or save be given offside?
A: YES – interfering with an opponent or play after a rebound or save is clearly an offside offence if the player was originally in an offside position.
Q: For how long is a defending player who goes off the field of play during an opponents’ attack technically on the goal line for offside?
A: It is unfair that a defender who goes off the field of play (often through injury) remains ‘active’ on the goal line until play next stops as play can continue for a long time. The new wording makes it clear that once the defending team has played the ball towards the halfway line and it is outside their penalty area, that ‘phase of play’ has ended and the defender is no longer ‘active’ for offside. This will require alertness from assistant referees and good communication between the referee and assistant referee.
Q: How can an attacking player gain a non-offside advantage when returning to the field of play?
A: The player could come back onto the field of play without the other team being aware and then receive a pass or make a challenge. If the player is penalized for offside no advantage has been gained so there is no need for a caution (YC).
Q: Can an attacking player in the goal net be penalized for offside?
A: Yes, if the player commits an offside offence.
Although there may be differences in verbiage, the NCAA Rules follow the IFAB Offside interpretation. The preceding Q&A are taken from the recent IFAB Offside Law change interpretation.
Please click here to read 2016 NCAA Soccer Officiating Requirements and Policies.
Please click here to view 2016-17 NCAA Soccer Video Review: Rule 5.7 Major Rule Change.
We are excited about the new season and look forward to the opportunities to communicate important soccer information with you this year on the NCAA Soccer Central Hub.
REGISTRATION is now available. After registering, please visit the Center Circle Central Hub frequently to stay current on the latest soccer officiating news and information. On the central hub, you will be able to read the latest rules interpretations from Ken Andres, Secretary-Rules Editor, bulletins from the National Coordinator, review VIDEO clips on correct application of the RULES AND MECHANICS, and click TESTING to take the test.
All the best this season!
National Coordinator Men’s & Women’s Soccer Officials
Please click here to read 2016 and 2017 Men’s and Women’s Soccer Rules Changes.
By Don Dennison
Not all referees are fortunate enough to be assigned to post-season matches, conference tournaments or NCAA tournament matches. If you are one of the lucky ones, it is imperative that you commit to memory the proper procedures for handling such matches when there is no winner after the regulation 90 minutes of the match plus two 10 minute sudden victory overtime periods.
In such circumstances it is necessary to determine a winner by means of kicks from the penalty spot (or line) as proscribed in NCAA Rule 7.1 . On a personal note, please don’t refer to these as “penalty kicks” as used by the uninformed press and media. There has been no penalty assessed, they are kicks that are taken from the penalty mark.
Allowable Substitution Times:
-Team’s own throw-in (if the team in possession chooses to substitute the opposing team may also substitute)
-Team’s own corner kick (if the team in possession chooses to substitute the opposing team may also substitute)
-After a goal
-When a player has been cautioned (sub may occur for the player(s) cautioned; if such sub is made the opponent may sub an equal number of players)
Please click More below to read the memorandum.More...
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